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Royal Ancestry

The royal lines pass through several baronial families ancestral to Anne Jocelyn Waller. The latest English royal ancestry is from Henry III, with another legitimate Plantagenet source from Henry II through a daughter. There is an illegitimate line represented (see the section on the Earls of Salisbury in our Noble Ancestry). 

Henry III and Edmund Crouchback married women with European royal descent, and many of the baronial families that formed this line are descendants of Charlemagne, Magna Carta sureties, or Plantagenet royals. In addition to the Norman English kings, royal ancestors include the Capetian kings of France, Charlemagne, Frederick III Barbarossa of Germany, Saxons such as Alfred the Great of England, Kings of Scotland and Spain, and monarchs, princesses and dukes from central and eastern Europe. These ancestries are available in published sources and will not be repeated in detail; some lines are reprinted here.

The descent from the Angevin Geoffrey “Plantagenet” is as follows:

Geoffrey Plantagenet (Geoffrey V of Anjou)   m. Maud of England
  Maude of England was daughter of King Henry I and Matilda, daughter of Malcolm III, King of Scotland
 Henry II King of England   m. Eleanor of Aquitaine, a descendant of Charlemagne.
John of England   m. Isabelle of Angouleme
Isabelle of Angouleme was the daughter of Aymer Taillefer, Comte d’Angouleme by Alice, daughter of Raymond Berengar V, Comte de Provence by Beatrice, daughter of Thomas I, Comte de Savoie.
Henry III   m. Eleanor de Provence
 Eleanor de Provence, also a daughter of Raymond Berenger V, who was a grandson of Alfonso II, King of Aragon.
Edmund Plantagenet "Crouchback", 1st Earl of Lancaster (~1245 - 1296)   m. Blanche d'Artois
 Blanche d’Artois was a granddaughter of Louis VIII of France, by Blanche of Castille, granddaughter of William the Conqueror.
Henry Plantagenet, Earl of Leicestor (1281 - 1345)   m. Eleanor Chaworth
 Henry Beaumont (3rd Lord Beaumont)    m. Maud de Vere.
 John Beaumont (4th Lord Beaumont)   m. Katherine Everingham.
 Elizabeth Beaumont    m. William de Botreux.
 Margaret Botreux (Baroness de Botreux)   m. Robert Hungerford (2nd Lord Hungerford)
 Robert Hungerford (2nd Lord Hungerford)   m. Jane Zouche.
 Walter Hungerford   m. Lucy Hungerford.

 Jane Hungerford   m. Robert Strange.

 Jane Strange   m. Sir Robert Jocelyn.
 Thomas Jocelyn   m. Anne Braye
 Anne Jocelyn   m. Samuel Waller

A descent from Rollo, Duke of Normandy is as follows:

Rollo, 1st Duke of Normandy   m. Poppa of Bayeux
Rollo, usually called “the Ganger” (due to his unusual height and thus his inability to ride the small Norwegian horses, was often forced to walk long distances) [3]. He was originally styled Patrician of Normandy in the northern coastal France. The Normans were at one time Vikings who conquered this land along with other areas of the medieval world (parts of Italy, Sicily, North Africa along the coast, parts of the middle east and eventually England) from Scandinavia. It was not until the third generation that the Patricians swore fealty to the French King Charles “The Simple”, and Normandy became a French duchy [4]. Although Rollo was probably of noble Norwegian ancestry, there is too much controversy about his lineage to be considered certain. It will not be repeated here as we are trying to limit ourselves to more proven lines of descent  (See footnote 18).

William, 2nd Duke of Normandy "Longsword"  m. Sprote de Bretange (a Breton)

Richard, 3rd Duke of Normandy "The Fearless"   m. Gunnora de Crepon.

Richard, 4th Duke of Normandy "The Good"  m. Judith of Renne.

Robert "The Devil"  & concubine Herleve (daughter of Fulbert of Falais)
William I King of England "The Conqueror"  m. Maud of Flanders.[6]
Henry I King of England "Beauclerc"   m. Matilda of Scotland.

There is a second royal line to the Jocelyn and thus Waller families through Henry II as well as Henry III, through an illegitimate but important son:

Henry I King of England   m. Matilda of Scotland
Henry II King of England "Curtmantle"  & concubine  (probably not Rosamund de Clifford)
William Longespée   m. Ela Fitzpatrick (daughter of William Fitzpatrick, Earl of Salisbury)
Stephen Longespée   m.  Emmeline de Rydeleford, Countess of Ulster
Ela Longspée   m. Alan la Zouche (ancestor of Jane Zouche)

Another line from Henry II:

Henry II King of England   m. Eleanor of Aquitaine
Eleanor Princess of England   m. Alfonso VIII, King of Castile
Blanche of Castile   m. Louis VIII, King of France
Blanche of Artois   m. Edmund Plantagenet "Crouchback", 1st Earl of Lancaster & son of Henry III

Descent from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick the Great of Germany:

Frederick III “Barbarossa” Duke of Swabia, King of Germany, Emperor of the West  m. Beatrice of Burgundy. [7]
Philip von Hohenstaufen  m. Eirene Angelica, Princess of the East, daughter of Isaakios II Angelos Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire

Maria von Hohenstaufen  m. Henry, Duke of Brabant

Matilda of Brabant  m. Robert, Count of Artois, son of Louis VIII King of France
Blanche of Artois  m. Edmund Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, son of Henry III of England.

Kenneth MacAlpin is credited as uniting Scots and Picts into a single kingdom and people. His ancestry is from Scottish and Irish nobility and royalty.

Descent from Kenneth MacAlpin, King of the Scots and Picts:

Kenneth I King of Scotland [8].
Constantine II King of Scotland.
Donald II King of Scotland.
Malcolm I King of Scotland.

Kenneth II King of Scotland.

Malcolm II King of Scotland.

Bethoc  m. Crinin the Thane.

Duncan MacCrinin, King of Scotland.

Malcolm III, Canmore, King of Scotland  m. Saint Margaret of Scotland.

Matilda of Scotland  m. Henry I “Beauclerc” King of England.

This line of Saxon kings in Wessex were considered to be kings of England by some from the time of Egbert, but it is best is to consider Alfred the first king of all England [19]

Here is one descent from Alfred the Great:

Egbert, King of Wessex [10].

Aethelwulf, King of Wessex  m. Osburh (and later Judith, dau. of Charles “The Bald” of France).

Alfred “The Great,” King of England.

Edward “The Elder” King of England.

Edmund I King of England.

Edgar King of England.

Ethelred II “The Unready” King of England.

Edmund “Ironside” King of England.

Edward “The Atheling” King of England [11].

St. Margaret of Scotland  m. Malcolm III Canmore.

There are several lines back to Charlemagne but this is the most direct royal line. Charlemagne was the son of Pepin, who was recognized as king. His father Charles Martel, the de facto ruler of the Franks during the decline of the “Merovingian” kings, had demonstrated great success in battle and prevented the Moors from advancing from Spain far into western Europe.

Charlemagne to Louis VIII: 

Arnulf Bishop of Metz  m. Oda [12].

Ansegisel, Mayor of the Palace  m. Begga.

Pepin of Heristal, Mayor of the Palace  m. Plectrude.

Charles Martel “The Hammer”, Mayor of the Palace  m. a daughter of Chrodobertus.

Pepin “The Short”, Mayor of the Palace, King of the Franks  m.Bertha.

Charlemagne King of France, Holy Roman Emperor (Emperor of the West)  m. Hildegarde.

Pepin I King of Italy  m. Rothais [13].

Bernard King of Italy  & concubine Cunigunde.

Pepin Count of Neustria.

Herbert Count of Vermandois & Lieutgarde [14].

Beatrix of Vermandois  m. Robert, Duke of France [15].

Hugh the Great Duke of France  m. Hedwig of Saxony.    

Hugh Capet King of France  m. Adelaide of Poitou.         

Robert “The Pious” King of France  m. Constance of Arles.

Henry I, King of France  m. Anna Jaroslawa of Kiev.

Philip I, King of France  m. Bertha of Holland.

Louis VI, “The Fat”  m. Adelaide of Maurienne.

Louis VII, King of France  m. Adelaide of Blois.

Philip II, “Augustus” King of France  m. Isabella of Hainault and Flanders.

Louis VIII, “the Lion” King of France  m. Blanche of Castile.

Robert, Count of Artois  m. Matilda of Brabant.

Blanche of Artois  m. Edmund “Crouchback,” Earl of Lancaster.

There are many lines from Charlemagne; here is one through the duchy of Flanders to William the Conqueror:

Charlemagne  m. Hildegarde [16].

Louis I of France  m. Judith of Bavaria.

Charles II  m. Ermentrude of Orleans (also a granddaughter of Charlemagne).

Judith of France  m. Baldwin I of Flanders [17].

Baldwin II of Flanders  m. Elfrida of England, daughter of Alfred the Great.

Arnulf I of Flanders  m. Adelaide of Vermandois.

Baldwin III of Flanders  m. Matilda of Saxony.

Arnulf II of Flanders  m. Susanna of Italy.

Baldwin IV of Flanders  m. Ogive of Luxembourg.

Baldwin V of Flanders  m. Adela of France.

Maud of Flanders  m. William I “The Conqueror.”

Descent from the Kings of Castile and Leon:

Alfonso VII King of Castile and Leon  m. Berengaria of Barcelona [18].

Sancho III King of Castile  & Blanche, Princess of Navarre.

Alfonso VIII King of Castile  m. Eleanor of Aquitaine.

Blanche of Castile  m. Louis VIII of France.

Descent from King John to the Hungerfords:[19]

John of England m. Isabelle of Angouleme
Richard of England (brother of Henry III), Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, by a mistress, name unknown:
Walter of Cornwall, knight, illegitimate son, m. ?
Margaret of Cornwall m. James Peverell, of Hametethy
Hugh Peverell, knight, of Hametethy, m. Margaret Cobham, dau. of John Cobham, knight
Thomas Peverell m. (2nd) Margaret Courtenay, dau. of Thomas de Courtenay, knight.
Katherine Peverell m. Walter Hungerford (before 1400).

These and other well documented descents are samples of the several lines intermingling royalty and nobility across the shifting medieval European borders. Without delving into the many known lines [20] these few are presented to give a sense of the multinational background of the intermarrying royal families, even the relative backwater of England in the time of the Plantagenet kings.


[1]Wilhelm Karl Prinz von Isenbug, Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europaischen Staaten, Band I und II, J. A. Stargardt, marburg, 1953. Commonly abbreviated Europaishe Stammtafeln, the ES is a highly praised resource for royal pedigrees. This is the primary reference for this section; this line is from volume (in German, “band”) II, Table (“Tafel” ) 60
 [2] The following will be documented fully in another section of this work.
 [3] L. G. Pine, Sons of the Conqueror, Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1973.
[4] ibid
 [5] ES, Band II, Tafel 36
 [6] ES II, 59
 [7] ES II, 143
 [8] ES II, 67
 [9] Mike Ashley, The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens, Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., 1998
 [10] ES II, 58

 [12] ES I, 2
 [13] ES II, 109
 [14] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners, 2nd Ed., 1992
 [15] ES II, 13
 [16] ES I, 2
 [17] ES II, 9
 [18] ES, 46, 47
[19] Weiss, Frederick, Ancestral Roots Of Certain American Colonists, 8th Ed., 2004.
 [20] There are numerous ancestries of interest to be found in ES or the more readily available Royalty for Commoners. The latter includes some legendary lines, such as for Rollo the Ganger, but we have avoided citing them to avoid the controversy.  An interesting discussion is to be found in L. G. Pine’s Sons of the Conqueror in which he states that legendary genealogies —when avoiding the mythic and where written records were not kept— may be considered reliable if they are kept by the bards in an illiterate society. This compelling argument is not sufficient to guarantee every link in a pedigree however, and so we have avoided these lines.

Last updated: May 11, 2009

       Overview        Origens of Our Family         Wallers in Ireland         Emigration         Waller-Brazier               Noble Ancestry        
 Royal Ancestry     Heraldry  
       Jocelyn Ancestry      Prior Park        Wallers of Prior Park      Namelist